Philosophy, Theology and the Reading of Texts

  • Vincent Brümmer


The French composer, Hector Berlioz, reacted as follows to the critics of his opera La Damnation de Faust: ‘I have already recounted how I … wrote the march on the Hungarian theme of Rákóczy in the course of one night. The passionate reception that this march received in Pest made me decide to include it in my Faust, and in doing so I took the liberty to use Hungary as the setting for the opening of the action, and had my hero, deep in reflection, see a Hungarian army passing across the plain. A German critic considered it most remarkable that I should portray Faust in such a manner. I do not see why I should not have done that, and I would, without hesitation, have let him travel to any place whatsoever if it had been to the benefit of the music I was writing. I had not set myself the task of blindly following Goethe's framework, and a character like Faust can be portrayed as making the most outlandish journeys without doing harm in anyway to the credibility of his person. When other German critics … attacked me even more strongly for the departures that my libretto made from the text and the structure of Goethe's Faust, … I wondered why these critics had not reproached me in any way for the libretto of my symphony, Roméo et Juliette, which only shows a slight resemblance to Shakespeare's immortal tragedy! Obviously because Shakespeare was not a German.


Bennett, Gaymon, Hewlett, Martinez J., Peters, Ted and Russell, Robert John, eds. The Evolution of Evil. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.
Clayton, Philip C., Roddam Narasimha, B. V. Sreekantan and Sangeetha Menon, eds. Science and Beyond: Cosmology, Consciousness and Technology in the Indic Traditions. NIAS Publications, 2004.
Collins, Francis S. The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief. Free Press, 2006.
Conway Morris, Simon. Life's Solution: Inevitable Humans in a Lonely Universe. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Deane-Drummond, Celia. Theology And Biotechnology: Implications For A New Science. Geoffrey Chapman, 1997.
_________. Creation Through Wisdom: Theology And The New Biology. T & T Clark, 2000.
_________. Biology and Theology Today. SCM Press, 2001.
_________. (2018). The Challenges of Religious Education in Indonesia and the Future Perspectives. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 4(2). Retrieved from
_________. (2018). Hermeneutics Paradigm in Religious Research. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 6(2). Retrieved from
_________. (2019). Moderate Muslims’ Views On Multicultural Education, Freedom Of Expression, And Social Media Hate Speech: An Empirical Study In West Java Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 199-224, Nov. 2019. ISSN 2621-8275. Available At: http://Riset-Iaid.Net/Index.Php/JPPI/Article/View/370. doi:
_________. (2020) The Effect of Inquiry-based Learning on Religious Subjects Learning Activities: An Experimental Study in High Schools. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 43-54, June 2020. ISSN 2621-8275. Available at: doi:
_________. (2020). Learning to Promote Anti-Intolerance and Anti-Hate Speech Attitudes and Behaviors. Educational Review: International Journal, 16(2), 79-98. Retrieved from
_________. (2020). The Hypocrisy of Religious Leaders: Study on Political Attitudes, Political Bribery, and Gaps Between Speech and Actions Among Religious Leaders in West-Java, Indonesia. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 8(2), 169-188. Retrieved from
_________. (2020). Promoting Religious Moderation through Literary-based Learning: A Quasi-Experimental Study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(06), 5849 - 5855. Retrieved from
Deane-Drummond, Celia and Clough, David. Creaturely Theology: On God, Humans And Other Animals. SCM Press, 2009.
Delio, Ilia. Christ in Evolution. Orbis Books, 2008.
Dowd, Michael. Thank God for Evolution: How the Marriage of Science and Religion Will Transform Your Life and Our World. Council Oak Books, 2007.
Falk, Darrel R. Coming to Peace With Science: Bridging the Worlds Between Faith and Biology. Intervarsity Press, 2004.
McMullin, Ernan, ed. Evolution and Creation. University of Notre Dame Press, 1985.
Miller, Keith B. Perspectives on an Evolving Creation. W.B. Eerdmans, 2003.
Miller, Kenneth R. Finding Darwin’s God: A Scientist’s Search for Common Ground between God and Evolution. HarperCollins, 1999.
Peters, Ted, and Martinez Hewlett. Evolution from Creation to New Creation. Abingdon, 2003.
Roughgarden, Joan. Evolution and Christian Faith: Reflections of an Evolutionary Biologist. Island Press, 2006.
Ruse, Michael. Darwin and Design: Does Evolution have a Purpose? Harvard University Press, 2003.
_________. Can a Darwinian be a Christian? The Relationship between Science and Religion. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
_________. The Evolution-Creation Struggle. Harvard University Press, 2005.
_________. Darwinism and its Discontents. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Russell, Robert John, William Stoeger, S.J., and Francisco Ayala, eds. Evolution and Molecular Biology: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action. Vatican Observatory and CTNS, 1998.
How to Cite
Brümmer, V. (2021). Philosophy, Theology and the Reading of Texts. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 9(1), 125-140. Retrieved from