EFFECTIVENESS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE MITIGATION PROGRAMMES AMONG THE YOUTH IN THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF EAST AFRICA

  • LUCY MUTARE MATHAI Chuka University, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya
  • DICKSON NKONGE KAGEMA Senior lecturer Chuka University, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya
  • DAVID BURURIA Senior lecturer Chuka University, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

Abstract

Global statistics show persistence of alcohol and drug abuse among the youth. In response to this, religious organizations have come up with Programmes aimed at mitigating alcohol and drug abuse. However, the problem continues to persist despite the significant role religions play in the society. This study investigated the effectiveness of alcohol and drug abuse mitigation Programmes among the youth in the Presbyterian Church of East Africa. The target population was 2,835,000 members in the PCEA. The accessible population was the Church elders, Parish ministers, Presbytery moderators, the PCEA youth director and the youth members who included the youth abusing alcohol and drugs. Multistage Cluster Sampling technique was used to select three PCEA regions from the five regions. Church elders, Parish ministers, youth members and PCEA presbytery moderators formed three clusters. Snowball sampling technique was used to get the youth who are abusing alcohol and drugs. Purposive sampling was used to select the youth director. The study had a total sample of 928 respondents. A descriptive survey research design was used to obtain qualitative data. Instruments for data collection were questionnaires, structured interview schedule and focus group discussions. Data collected using questionnaires was cleaned and coded for analysis using statistical package for social sciences. Tape recorded data from the interview was transcribed verbatim. Data was analyzed qualitatively. Data was presented using frequency tables and discussions. The findings show that referring youth to rehabs, involving them in Church activities and engaging them in alcohol forums were effective. However, Programmes such as seminars, workshops, conferences, Bible study, guidance and counseling as well as having a drug education desk were not effective. Overall, the programmes were found not to be effective (mean = 2.282). In order to enhance effectiveness, the study established that youth involvement in management of the Programmes, training of pastors in alcohol and drug abuse could be employed as part of the intervention. The study recommends thorough training of the clergy, funding of alcohol and drug abuse mitigation Programmes and involving the youth in the management of Programmes

References

Anderson, P. & Baumberg, B. (2006). Stakeholders' views of alcohol policy. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 23(6), 393-414.
Bordens, K. & Abbot, B. (2008). Research Design And Methods: A Process Approach. New York: McGraw Hill.
Cook, C. (2008). Spirituality, Theology & Mental health: Multidisciplinary Perspective. London: SCM Press.
Creswell, J. (2008). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitave and Mixed Methonds Approaches(2nd. ed). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Elliot, A. (2013). Handbook of competence and motivation. Guilford Publi-cations.
Githiora, S. (2017). Interviewed on 11thOctober 2017 at Nairobi.
Gitonga, J. (2017). Interviewed on 22thOctober 2017 at Chogoria.
Harris, M. (2010). Evaluating Public and Community Health Programs. USA: Jossey.
Jones, P., Barnett, J. H., Werners, U., Secher, S. M., Hill, K. E., Brazil, R., Masson, K. I. M., & (2007). Substance use in a population-based clinic sample of people with first-episode psychosis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 190(6), 515-520.
Kariuki, G. (2017). Interviewed on 15thOctober 2017 at Nairobi.
Kimathi, M. (2017). Interviewed on 20thNovember 2017 at Chogo-ria.
Kirima, P. (2017). Interviewed on 7th December 2017 at Nairobi.
Kirira, E. (2017). Interviewed on 21thOctober 2017 at Meru.
Kithinji, H. (2017). Interviewed on 12th November 2017 at Meru.
Kombo, D. & Tromp, D. (2006). Proposal and Thesis Writing: An Introduction. Nairobi: Pauline’s Publications.
Merton, G. B. (2008). From Safe Sanctuaries to Strong Communi-ties: The Role of Communities of Faith in Child Protection. Family Community Health, 31, 173-185.
Miller, M. B. (2013). Personalized feedback interventions for college alcohol misuse: An update of Walters & Neighbors (2005). Psychology of addictive behaviors, 27(4), 909.
Miller, W. R., Forcehimes, A. A., & Zweben, A. (2011). Treating Addiction: A guide for Professionals.Guilford Press.
Mugenda, O. & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research Methonds: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Naorobi: ACT Press.
Mukundi, S. (2013). Pastors’ Effectiveness in Counselling Alcohol and Drug Addicts in Presbyterian Churches in TharakaNithi County, Kenya. Unpublished MA Dissertation: St. Paul’s University.
NACADA. (2012). Rapid Assessment of Drug and Substance Situation in Kenya. Nairobi: NACADA.
NACADA. (2014). Drug and Substance Abuse in Tertiary Institutions in Kenya . Nairobi: NACADA.
Ndanyu, C. (2017). Interviewed on November 12th 2017 at Nanyuki.
Ngere, H. (2017). Interviewed on 7thDecember 2017 at Nairobi.
Nkonge, D. (2012). Developing Church Leaders in Africa for Reliable Leadership: A Kenyan Perspective. Dutch Reformed Theological Journal (NGTT), , 53(3&4), 229-240.
Oketch, S. (2014). Understanding and Treating Drug Abuse. Nairobi: Queenex Holdings Ltd.
Pardini, D.A; Plante, T. G; Sherman, A; & Stump, J. E. (2000). Re-ligious Faith and Spirituality in Substance Abuse Recovery: Determining the Mental Health Benefits. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 19:347–54.
PCEA General Assembly Report. (2012). Proceedings of the Twentieth General Assembly. Nairobi: Jitegemea Press.
PCEA Records. (2015). Report on the Implementation of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programmes in PCEA. Nairobi: Jitegemea Press.
PCEA. (2012). Report on The Implementation of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programmes in PCEA. Nairobi: Jitegemea Press.
PCEA. (2016). Annual Youth Conference Report. PCEA Annual youth Conference proceedings Book. Nairobi: Jitegemea Press.
Sabloff, J. (2002). The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Marriage and Family Therapy. Journal of Pastoral Counseling, 37, 45-50.
Saldana, J. (2011). Fundamentals of Qualitative Research: Understanding Qualitative Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Strehl, A. (2010). Learning from Logged Implicit Exploration Da-ta.In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp. 2217-2225).
The Bible . (2008). Revised Standard Version. New York: The Bible Societies.
Timmons, S. (2012). A Christian faith-based recovery theory: Un-derstanding God as sponsor. Journal of Religion & Health, 51(4), 1152-1164.
UN. (2014). Mental and Substance Use Disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa: Predictions of Epidemiological Changes and Mental Health Workforce Requirements for the Next 40 Years. PLoS ONE , pp. 9(10): 1-25.
UNDCP. (2002). UNited Nations Office For Drug Control and Crime Prevention. New York: United Nations.
UNODC. (2015). World Drug Report 2015. New York: United Nations.
Wachira, N. (2017). Interviewed on 15thDecember 2017 at Nyeri.
White, W. L., Kelly, J. F., & Roth, J. D. (2012). New addiction-recovery support institutions: Mobilizing support beyond pro-fessional addiction treatment and recovery mutual aid. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 7(2-4), 297-317
Published
2018-10-12
How to Cite
MATHAI, L., KAGEMA, D., & BURURIA, D. (2018). EFFECTIVENESS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE MITIGATION PROGRAMMES AMONG THE YOUTH IN THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF EAST AFRICA. International Journal of Religious Studies, 6(2). Retrieved from http://fssh-journal.org/index.php/jrs/article/view/40