List of References

The list of references appears at the end of your work and gives the full details of everything that you have cited in the text in alphabetical order by the author’s surname.

All sources must be referred in a consistent manner. Choose from the list of sources below, the examples given, provide a guide to the format and punctuation you should use.

• Journal (Print)

• Journal (Electronic)

• Book

• Book Chapter

• Conference Papers

Journal Article (Print)

Elements:

1. Author’s surname, Initial

2. Publication Year

3. Article Title

4. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)

5. Volume

6. Starting Pages

7. Ending Pages

8. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

9. Direct link of the published article

Example

Sepaskhah, A.R. and M.M. Ghasemi, 2008. Every-other-furrow irrigation with different irrigation intervals for grain sorghum. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 11: 1234-1239. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1234.1239; PMID 236548759;

Journal Article (Electronic)

Elements:

1. Author’s surname, Initial

2. Publication Year

3. Article Title

4. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)

5. Volume

6. Page Numbers (if applicable)

7. Available at

8. Accessed on (enter date you viewed the article)

9. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Example

Brittion, A., 2006. How much and how often should we drink? Br. Med. J., 332: 1224-1225.

Available from: http://bmj.bjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/332/7552/1224 [Accessed 2 June 2006].

Book

• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials

• Year of publication

• Title of Book

• Edition (if applicable)

• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)

• Name of publisher

• ISBN Number

Example

Anderson, J. and M. Poole, 1998. Assignment and thesis writing. 3re Edn., John While and Sons.

Book Chapter

• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials

• Year of publication

• Title of Chapter

• In: (enter editor’s surname and initials)

• Book Title

• Edition (if applicable)

• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)

• Name of publisher

• Page number

• ISBN

Example

Mason, J., 1999. Recent Developments in the Prediction of Global Warming. In: Energy Demand and Planning, McVeigh, J.C. and J.G. Morgue, (Eds.). E&FN Spon., pp: 34-52.

Conference Papers

Conference paper’s should be referenced using the following format and punctuation.

• Author’s surname, initials

• Date of publication

• Title of paper

• In: Editor’s surname, initials, (if applicable)

• Title of proceedings

• Place of conference

• Date of conference

• Publishers

• Page numbers of contribution

Example

Clifton, J.J., 1999. Hazard prediction. In: Disaster prevention, planning and limitation. University of Bradford, 12-13 September 1989. Technical Communications Ltd., pp: 54-64.