ASSESSING GRADUATE STUDENTS’ ACQUISITION OF RESEARCH SKILLS IN UNIVERSITIES IN CROSS RIVER STATE NIGERIA FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOTAL PERSON
This paper assessed graduate students’ acquisition of research skills in universities in Cross River State Nigeria for development of the total person. Survey design was adopted. Two research questions and one hypothesis were isolated to give direction to this investigation. 3018 graduate students in the two universities located in the state constituted the population. 300 of them were drawn as sample using stratified random sampling technique. Data were collected using researchers’ self-developed instrument called “Students’ Acquisition of Research Skills Questionnaire (SARSQ)”. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach Alpha method, which yielded coefficients ranging from .80 to .87. This confirmed that the instrument is reliable in achieving the objectives of the study. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis with the use of descriptive statistics (Mean Rating) and Independent t-test statistical techniques. Results obtained revealed that graduate students have low research skills’ acquisition. They acquire the highest skills in reading, oral presentation/communication and information gathering and least skill in analysis. A significant difference exists between male and female graduate students in their research skills acquisition with male students having upper hand. It was concluded that students had low research skills acquisition and so ill-prepared and equipped to face challenges of life. It was recommended that graduate students should be made to participate in more research oriented activities, so as to enhance their research skill acquisition for development of the total person.
Bako, S. 2005. Universities, research and development in Nigeria: Time for paradigmatic shift. Paper prepared for 11th General Assembly of CODESRIA on Rethinking African Development: Beyond Impasse Towards Alternatives, Maputo, Mozambique.
Dominick, J., Buffington, L., Rowland, L. and Warren, R. 2000. Un-dergraduate research: A review of the research literature. Avail-able from: http://www.nmi.uga.edu/projects/selfstudy/undergrad/pdf/researchcomm_fallanalysis.pdf [Accessed 5 September 2017]
Ewing, H., Mathieson, K., Alexander, J. L. and Leafman, J. 2012. En-hancing the acquisition of research skills in online Doctoral Pro-grams: The Ewing model. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching 8, no. 1: 34 – 44. Available from: http://www.creativecommons.org/liceses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ [Ac-cessed 13 September 2017]
Gilmore, J. and Feldon, D. 2010. Measuring graduate students teaching and research skills through self report. Available from: http://www.files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/ED509407.pdf. [Accessed 23 August 2017]
Higher Education Academy (n.d.). Research skills. Available from: http://www.heacacdemy.ac.uk/enhancment/defiutions. [Accessed 3 August 2017]
Kerlin, S. P. 1995. Surviving the doctoral years. Education Policy Analysis Archives 3, no. 17: 1 - 35. Available from: http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/down-load/659/781. [Accessed 18 September]
Lovitts, B. E. 2001. Leaving the ivory tower: The causes and conse-quences of departure from doctoral study. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN: 0-7425-0942-7.
Lyons, J., Fisher, S., and Thompson, S. 2005. Effects of participating in a GK-12 program on the graduate students' programs of study. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Educa-tion Annual Conference and Exposition, Portland, Oregon, June 12-15.
Reisberg, L. 1998. Research by undergraduates proliferates, but is some of it just glorified homework? The Chronicles of Higher Education, A45-A46.
Seymour, E., Hunter, A., Laursen, S. and Deantoni, T. 2004. Establish-ing the benefits of research experiences for undergraduates in the sciences: First findings from a three-year study. Science Educa-tion 88, no. 4: 493-534.
The University of Adelaide (n.d.). Research skills. Available from: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/rsd/framework/explanation. [Ac-cessed 5 September 2017]
Trigwell, K. and Dunbar-Goddet, H. 2005. The research experience of postgraduate research students at the University of Oxford. Ox-ford: Institute for the Advancement of University Learning.
Ward, C., Bennett, J. and Bauer, K. 2003. Content analysis of under-graduate research student evaluations. Unpublished report avail-able as of May 2003. Available from: http://www.udel.edu/RAIRE/Content.pdf. [Accessed 26 August 2017]
Webb, F., Smith, C. and Worsford, K. 2011. Research skills toolskit. Available from: http://www.griffith.edu.au/gihe-resources-support/graduateattributes. [Accessed 30 September 2017]