ACCREDITATION OF ACADEMIC PROGRAMMES AND QUALITY UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA
The study was aimed at finding out the relationship between accreditation of academic programmes and quality university education. The study area was South-South Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Simple random and accidental sampling techniques were used to sample 4 federal universities, 400 academic staff, 300 final year students and 200 employers for the study. Three types of instrument titled: Adequacy of Requirements for Accreditation of Academic Programmes Questionnaire (ARAAPQ), Quality University Education Questionnaire (QUEQ) and Employers Rating of quality University Graduates questionnaire (ERQUGQ) were used for data collection. All the items on the three instruments were weighted on a 4-point response type scale. Each of the three instruments had a reliability coefficient of 0.82, 0.77 and 0.80 respectively, using Cronbach Alpha reliability method. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive (means and standard deviations), Pearson Product moment correlation and independent t-test statistics. The finding of the study revealed that the level of adequacy of requirements for accreditation of academic programmes was moderately adequate and the quality of university graduates was rated as being moderate. There was a significant relationship between accreditation of academic programmes and quality university education in terms of quality inputs and quality processes. There was also a significant difference between lecturers and students in their perception of quality university education. Premised on the findings of the study, it was recommended that institutional administrators should ensure that the requirements for accreditation of academic programmes be sufficiently provided in universities to enhance quality education. Government should adequately fund university education to enable institutional administrators to provide the necessary physical, human and material resources for the enhancement of quality university education in Nigeria.
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