• RONALD A. PERNIA Assistant Professor of Political Science and Education, University of the Philippines Cebu (UP Cebu)


This paper documented the experiences of the local government of Sibonga, a municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines in establishing the Sibonga Community College, a local public higher educational institution as perceived by local government officials and local line agency heads, teachers and program coordinators of the local college, graduates and students of the said local college using key informant interviews and focus group discussion. Pertinent secondary documents were also examined.  This research was anchored on Political Systems Theory developed by David Easton (1957, 1965) as it aimed to understand the dynamics of the creation of the local college and the community it is situated. It was revealed that while the Commission on Higher Education (CHED)—the Philippines’ main agency on higher education, has a set of standard processes in establishing a local college, the establishment of the college was political in nature. It was the municipal mayor who initiated the creation of the college even with the opposition of the members of the municipal council. There were flaws in the processes undertaken by the local government of Sibonga in establishing their local college. The paper concluded that while the intention was noble, the political processes observed in the establishment of the college as educational venture of the Local Government of Sibonga had flaws inconsistent with the system view of the practical application of David Easton’s Political Systems Theory and with the pertinent legal bases i.e. Local Government Code of 1991 and CHED Memorandum No.32 Series of 2006.


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