International financing and development in Latin America
This article is intended to describe first the origins of the financial crisis, going on to examine the content of programmes put in motion jointly by governments and the IMF, with a view to restoring access to external credit by the countries involved. A discussion follows of the negative and positive implications for Latin America of implementing such programmes, with guidelines for designing corrective policies. The article ends with some considerations on alternative developments for external financing in the immediate future
Attridge, Samantha (2018). ‘Can blended finance work for the poorest countries?’, London: Overseas Development Institute, 1 June. https://www.odi.org/comment/10650-can-blended-finance-work-poorest-countries.
Beck, Thorsten, and Robert Cull (2014). ‘Small-and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in Africa’. Washington, DC: Africa Growth Initiative at Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/SME-Finance-in-AfricaDesigned_FINAL.pdf.
Bhattacharya, Debapriya, and Sarah Sabin Khan (2018, forthcoming). ‘Is blended finance trending in LDCs? Perspectives from the ground’. Southern Voice Occasional Paper, No. 49. Dhaka: Southern Voice.
Benn, Julia, Cécile Sangaré and Tomáš Hosrom (2017). ‘Amounts mobilized by the Private Sector by Official Development Finance Interventions: Guarantees, syndicated loans, shares in collective investment vehicles, direct investment in companies, credit lines’. OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers, No. 36. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi. org/10.1787/8135abde-en.
Hale, Jon (2015). ‘The Appeal of Sustainable Investing’, Morningstar Magazine, December 2015/January 2016. http://www. nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/morningstar/magazine_20161201/#/38.
International Trade Centre (2015). ‘SME Competitiveness Outlook 2015. Connect, Compete and Change for Inclusive Growth’. Geneva: ITC. http://www.intracen.org/uploadedFiles/intracenorg/Content/Publications/SME_Comp_2015_Jan_ version_low_res.pdf.
Africa Growth Initiative at Brookings, New Partnership for Africa’s Development, United Nations Office of the Special Adviser on Africa (2017). ‘Leveraging African Pension Funds for Financing Infrastructure Development’. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. http://www.un.org/en/africa/osaa/pdf/pubs/2017pensionfunds.pdf.
Analysis for Economic Decisions (2016a). ‘Evaluation of Blending. Final Report Volume 1 – Main Report’. Brussels: European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/evaluation-blending-volume1_en.pdf.
Analysis for Economic Decisions (2016b). ‘Evaluation of Blending. Final Report Volume 2 – Evidence and Documents’. Brussels: European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/evaluation-blending-volume2_en.pdf.
Asian Development Bank (2013). ‘ADB Support for Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Private Sector Development’. Thematic Evaluation Study SES: REG 2013-23. Manila: Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/sites/ default/files/evaluation-document/35897/files/tes-enabling-env-psd.pdf.
Blended Finance Taskforce (2018). ‘Better Finance, Better World’. London: Systemiq. https://s3.amazonaws.com/awsbsdc/BFT_BetterFinance_final_01192018.pdf.
Business and Sustainable Development Commission (2017). ‘Better Business, Better World’. London: Systemiq. http:// report.businesscommission.org/uploads/BetterBiz-BetterWorld_170215_012417.pdf
Credit Suisse and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment (2016). ‘Conservation finance. From niche to mainstream: The building of an institutional asset class’. New York: Credit Suisse and McKinsey and Company. https:// assets.rockefellerfoundation.org/app/uploads/20160121144045/conservation-finance-en.pdf.
Development Committee (2015). ‘From Billions to Trillions: Transforming Development Finance’. Development Committee Discussion Note. DC2015-0002. April 2015. Washington, DC: Development Committee. http://siteresources.worldbank. org/DEVCOMMINT/Documentation/23659446/DC2015-0002(E)FinancingforDevelopment.pdf.
Development Initiatives (2016a). ‘The Role of Blended Finance in the 2030 Agenda’. Bristol: Development Initiatives, Annex I. http:// devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/The-role-of-blended-finance-in-the-2030-Agenda-Discussion-paper-July-2016.pdf.
Development Initiatives (2016b). ‘Aligning blended finance with the Busan principles of development effectiveness’. Bristol: Development Initiatives. http://devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Aligning-blended-finance-with-the-Busanprinciples-of-development-effectiveness_DI_discussion-paper.pdf. Development Initiatives (2016c).
‘Blended finance: Understanding its potential for Agenda 2030’. Bristol: Development Initiatives. http://devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Blended-finance-Understanding-its-potential-for-Agenda-2030.pdf.
Development Initiatives (2018a). ‘Will blended finance lead to private sector growth in developing countries?’ Bristol: Development Initiatives. http://devinit.org/post/will-blended-finance-lead-private-sector-growth-developing-countries/.
Development Initiatives (2018b). ‘The enabling environment for private sector development: donor spending and links to other catalytic uses of aid’. Bristol: Development Initiatives. http://devinit.org/post/enabling-environment-private-sectordevelopment/.
DFI Working Group on Blended Concessional Finance for Private Sector Projects (2017). ‘Summary Report’. Washington, DC: DFI Working Group on Blended Concessional Finance for Private Sector Projects. https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/ connect/30635fde-1c38-42af-97b9-2304e962fc85/DFI+Blended+Concessional+Finance+for+Private+Sector+Operations_ Summary+R....pdf?MOD=AJPERES.
Environmental Finance (2017). The growing case for conservation finance, 6 April 2017. https://www.environmentalfinance.com/content/market-insight/the-growing-case-for-conservation-finance.html.
Husni, H. (2018). The Challenges of Religious Education in Indonesia and the Future Perspectives. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 4(2). Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/jrs/article/view/12
Husni, H. (2020). Learning to Promote Anti-Intolerance and Anti-Hate Speech Attitudes and Behaviors. Educational Review: International Journal, 16(2), 79-98. Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/es/article/view/89
Husni, H., & Dafik, Y. (2018). Management of Islamic Higher Education in the 4.0 Industrial Revolution. Educational Review: International Journal, 15(2). Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/es/article/view/52
Husni, H., & Setiawan, I. (2018). Hermeneutics Paradigm in Religious Research. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 6(2). Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/jrs/article/view/29
Husni, H., & Tantowie, T. (2018). Religion, Modernism and Postmodernism: Study on Jean Baudrillard’s Philosophy. Religious Studies: An International Journal, 5(2). Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/jrs/article/view/23
Husni, Husni (2019). Moderate Muslims’ Views On Multicultural Education, Freedom Of Expression, And Social Media Hate Speech: An Empirical Study In West Java Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 199-224, Nov. 2019. ISSN 2621-8275. Available At: . doi: http://doi.org/10.36667/JPPI.V7i2.370.
Husni, Husni. (2020) The Effect of Inquiry-based Learning on Religious Subjects Learning Activities: An Experimental Study in High Schools. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 43-54, June 2020. ISSN 2621-8275. Available at: https://riset-iaid.net/index.php/jppi/article/view/434. doi: https://doi.org/10.36667/jppi.v8i1.434.
Ainusyamsi, F. Y., & Husni, H. (2020). Building ‘Tough Student Character’ through Optimization of Spiritual and Emotional Intelligence: An Action Research. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(6). http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/25306
Bisri, H., & Husni, H. (2020). The Influence of Teacher’s Multicultural Awareness on “Santri” Learning Activities. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(7), 133–138. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.07.21
Husni, H., & Bisri, H. (2020). Religious Community Responses to COVID19: Case Study on Muslim Small Community. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(8). https://www.psychosocial.com/article/PR281038/25833/
Husni, H., Bisri, H., Tantowie, T. A., Rizal, S. S., & Azis, A. (2020). Religious Community Responses to COVID19: Case Study on Muslim Small Community. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(8). https://www.psychosocial.com/article/PR281038/25833/
Husni, Setiawan, I., Azis, A., Tantowie, T. A. J., & Rizal, S. S. (2020). Validity and reliability of multicultural competency instruments for islamic education teachers. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 9(2). http://www.ijstr.org/paper-references.php?ref=IJSTR-0220-30941
Manshur, F. M., & Husni, H. (2020). Promoting Religious Moderation through Literary-based Learning: A Quasi-Experimental Study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(6). http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/19864
Husni, H. (2020). The effectiveness of the social responsibility program for Islamic religious education through the participatory action research method. The Social Studies: An International Journal, 6(1), 103-116. Retrieved from https://fssh-journal.org/index.php/scr/article/view/107